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HelpAndManualProfessional63-2750简汉双语part2,2001年春季上海市英语中级口译第一阶段考试真题

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2001.3

上海市英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

 

SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)

Part A: Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blends in it. Fill in each of the blends with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.

    You have been at Furnell University for two weeks now. As usual, you need enough time to _____________(1).You also want to spend time with new friends and______________(2).But, after the first two weeks of classes, you have probably concluded that there isn't enough time to_____________(3), because you also have to attend classes, go to labs, do assignments_____________(4).

    Soon you will be in a situation for it until 3 a.m. You also have an eight o'clock. _____________(6) and skip the eight o'clock class? To some extent the answer depends on_____________(7).Some instructors announce that _____________(8).In that case you really should go to class. Some don't say anything. In that case you have to decide. _____________(9)it is better to stay in bed and sleep than to get so tired you cannot think. However, it is not a good idea to skip class_____________(10).

    If you have to skip a class, ask another student for the class notes, _____________(11).Also, come to the next class prepared. If you miss class_____________(12), tell the instructor afterward. He or she may let you_____________(13).If you have an important appointment, tell the instructor about it_____________(14).

    Here is another problem. You took the quiz. Even after studying very hard, you could not answer all the questions. _____________(15)you always got every answer right. What went wrong? Nothing. High school work is easy, so a good student is supposed to _____________(16). In college the teacher wants to challenge even the best students. Therefore, almost nobody_____________(17).

    But maybe there were some very_____________(18)in that course you don't understand.  Go see the teacher during_____________(19). Most teachers will gladly explain things again. Of course, they will not be pleased to_____________(20) to someone who skipped class.

    Maybe you really should get up for that eight o'clock class!

 

Part B: Listening Comprehension

Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken ONLY ONCE. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following conversation.

1. (A) An article about the chances of promotion for teachers.

(B) A survey on the behaviour of school boys and girls.

(C) A report written by the local education authority.

(D) A research into the differences in teaching between male and female teachers.

2. (A) A primary school of low quality in teaching.

(B) A school for mentally retarded children.

(C) A special school for problem children.

(D) A section of the school for children between the ages of three and seven.

3. (A) Because the society as a whole is mainly made-oriented.

(B) Because boys are brought up to be more ambitious than girls.

(C) Because male teachers have fewer household chores to do.

(D) Because female teachers consider themselves less fit for administration.

4. (A) To assume greater responsibilities for running the school.

(B) To get rapid promotion.

(C) To stay as a classroom teacher.

(D) To teach more senior classes.

5. (A) There are more women teachers than men teachers primary education.

(B) The woman would like to be a headmistress of the school.

(C) The woman is considering a transfer.

(D) Boys are never brought up to be more ambitious than girls.

 

Question 6 to 10 are based on the following news.

6. (A) Many opposition party supporters demonstrated outside the party headquarters.

(B) The annual parliament session came to a close.

(C) The Congress Party reelected its new president.

(D) The former Prime Minister was assassinated by a dissident.

7. (A) 13.                    (B) 24.

(C) 40.                    (D) 41.

8. (A) A terrorist attack had recently been launched against a government building.

(B) US military intervention was widely reported to start soon.

(C) A guerrilla war broke out in southeastern jungles.

(D) Peace talks were stopped between the government and the country's top rebel group.

9. (A) To issue a statement to denounce genocide and war crimes.

(B) To set up a permanent criminal court to punish heinous crimes.

(C) To ratify a treaty establishing an international criminal court.

(D) To appeal to other countries to sign up the treaty.

10. (A) To stop importing meat from countries infested with mad cow disease.

(B) To destroy all meat and bone meal used in manufacturing animal feed,

(C) To take measures to cope with the shortage of animal feed caused by drought.

(D) To import 1 million tons of animal feed from other countries.

 

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.

11. (A) An actress.                      (B) A singer.

(C) A dancer.                         (D) An air-hostess.

12. (A) 9-to-5 office clerk.                (B) Taxi driver.

(C) Architect.                      (D) Executive.

13. (A) The woman doesn't look after her voice.

(B) Talking and laughing can damage your voice as much as singing.

(C) Talking slowly helps protect your voice.

(D) The woman occasionally works weekends.

14. (A) Because she had to stay at the studio until very late.

(B) Because she had forgotten about the appointment.

(C) Because she doesn't like her old friends any more.

(D) Because she is rarely punctual for a dinner party.

15. (A) Family life of an artist.

(B) The woman's ambitions in her profession.

(C) Something related to a music career.

(D) What the critics have said about the vocalist.

 

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.

16. (A) 250,000.                           (B) 350,000.

(C) 3, 000,000.                        (D) 3,500,000.

17. (A) The demolition of more and more low-income housing.

(B) The rising cost of buying or renting a house.

(C) A rapid increase of unemployment rate.

(D) A large number of immigrants moving into this country.

18. (A) Over 60 percent of them are single mothers with small children.

(B) Around 20 percent of them are mentally ill.

(C) These people usually have a large family.

(D) The typical“street person”is a white male with a poorly-paid job.

19. (A) Because the government is too short of fund to provide sufficient cheap housing.

(B) Because people are indifferent, paying no attention to the problems of others.

(C) Because people who are concerned just don't know how to help the homeless.

(D) Because the “me-generation”are concerned only with their own affairs and interests.

20. (A) To know the homeless and understand how they became that way.

(B) To launch an all-out war on poverty nation-wide.

(C) To provide more affordable housing.

(D) To donate to the housing fund.

 

SECTION 2:READING TEST (30 minutes)

Directions:In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C), (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1~5

    A leaked Barclays Bank document reveals that organization has become a byword for corporate greed explains why consumers hate it so much. Drawn up after unprecedented public relations disasters, the 25-page dossier tells how one of Britain's biggest and most valuable brand names became sullied. It says the attempt to introduce cash machine charges and the decision to close 170 rural branches this year marked the start of an annus horribilis.

    It concludes that the bank's brand name now symbolises“a culture of greed”and consumers rightly regard many of its products as “substandard and expensive”. The secret report was ordered by Matthew Barrett, Barclays’ chief executive, who was appointed just before the trouble started and has bodyguards to protect him when he leaves his office, “I feel very strongly that there is an urgent need to change the change the management of communications to help facilitate a more positive image, ”Barrett wrote in a memo copied to a select group of executives, including Sir Peter Middleton, the chairman, on May 8.

    The resulting document-Project Phoenix, PR and Image Restoration Plan 2000—was produced in June. It notes that public relations difficulties caused by the cash machine and closure announcements were“exacerbated”by a critical Treasury report on banking and the disclosure of Barclays’ executive pay scheme. The latter showed Barrett received £1. 3m for his first three months' work and had secured share options worth up to £30m.

    “The almost contemporaneous set of events resulted in a media feeding frenzy, ”says the report. “The group is seen by many...as the ringleader of anti-consumer measures. ”It concludes that the barrage of bad publicity has had “a significant impact”on Barclays’ brand image, It says the public regards the bank as“generating excessive profits”and creating a“culture of greed. ”Consumers view its products as“substandard and expensive, ”shareholders being put before customers and staff. 

    The report admits:“Many of the group's products and services do not meet the demanding requirements of the Barclays brand and today's highly competitive financial services industry. ”Steps to rebuild the Barclays name include a scheme to regain favour in areas where the bank has closed branches and lost influence as a result.

    Ten model employees will be parachuted into rural hot spots to charm local dignitaries. The agents, dubbed“the smoothies”by insiders, will be recruited of their“social skills”, says the report. They will be given titles conferring the“appropriate authority for liaising with MPs, MPs and the media”. They will infiltrate Rotary clubs and other groups to create a positive presence, say sources. “The (agent) would need to have strong communication skills, ”says the report, which puts a £1m total cost on the project. “(He) would be a modern manager with the ability to project the new face of financial services, always being on brand and on message. ”

    * Compiling a database of good news items so that one positive story about Barclays is released every month.

    * Making media-friendliness a“core skill requirement”for newly recruited senior executives, while ensuring that Barrett's future exposure to the media is“managed carefully. ”

    * Establishing“a proper audit trail for the receipt, review and release of all external and internal communications”to prevent leaks.

    Eddy Weatherill, director of the Independent Banking Advisory Service, attacked Barclays for tackling its problems with tricks rather than substance. “They need to do something about their image but cheap trickery will get them nowhere, ”he said.

1. According to the passage, Barclays Bank is facing difficulties because_____.

(A) it is losing its profits

(B) it has disclosed a secret report about its poor image

(C) it is losing many of its best employees

(D) it has received much criticism from its consumers

2. The word“exacerbated”in the sentence“It notes that relations difficulties. ..were‘exacerbated’”in the sentence“It notes that public relations difficulties...were‘exacerbated’by a Treasury report on banking...”(Para. 3)can be replaced by_____.

(A) improved                   (B) aggravated

(C) criticised                   (D) questioned

3. According to the passage, the new schemes suggested in Project Phoenix, PR and Image Restoration Plan 2000_____.

(A) show that Barclays Bank fully realises its problems

(B) are designed to change the Bank's image

(C) meet stronger criticisms from the public

(D) can never be realised as they are too radical

4. Which of the following is implied, but not directly stated, in the expression“ensuring the Barrett's future exposure to the media is `managed carefully'”?

(A) His future exposure to the public must be positive.

(B) His current image is greatly challenged.

(C) His exposure to the public until now has often been negative.

(D) His overall image is totally unacceptable to customers.

5. According to Eddy Weatherill, Barclays Bank_____.

(A) should take substantial measures to improve its image

(B) is using its brand name to win more customers

(C) is dealing with its problems seriously

(D) always used tricks to cheat the public

 

Questions 6~10

    At least 100 women have been mistakenly implanted with another couple's embryo or suffered the loss of embryos because of incompetence by infertility clinics. An internal audit of the clinics has revealed often chaotic procedures which mean women's hopes of motherhood are dashed by the errors of clinic staff. Cases uncovered by The Sundays Times include:

    * Deborah Gray, 40, from Strangford Lough, Co Down, who was told that she had been implanted with the wrong embryo by mistake. She had an abortion.

    * Deborah Mia, 37, from Dagenham in Essex, whose five remaining frozen embryos were thrown away last year even though she had begun treatment for them to be implanted.

    * A woman who wasted eight years of her fertile life undergoing treatment at various London hospitals, before doctors realised she had a contraceptive coil in her womb.

    The cases have come to light following she had a contraceptive coil in her womb. Authority (HFEA), which polices the 118 IVF clinics in Britain. The report, based on a sample of 1,400 IVF treatments and 700 sperm donor inseminations, records disruptions to power supplies at “various”centers, leading to loss of undisclosed numbers of fresh embryos in incubators. It also describes mistakes in data collection, including errors in the names of patients and their families, the inaccurate recording of skin colour of ethnic group of sperm donors, and the reporting of nonexistent pregnancies.

    Bert Stewart, a senior embryologist and former HFEA inspector who now works in Auckland, New Zealand, estimated that one in 1, 000 test-tube babies may have been implanted in the wrong, meaning at least 25 to 30 IVF children in Britain are being brought up by someone other than their genetic mother. “IF you have a slack checking system, it might take a long time before you realise you have made a mistake. Good clinics have systems where you can spot a mistake straight away, ”he said.

    Another HFEA inspector estimated that at least 100 women had been affected by IVF errors. Gray sued the Royal Victoria hospital in Belfast for personal injury and damage after she discovered that she had been mistakenly implanted with an embryo from another woman. After the abortion she received an out-of-court settlement from the hospital. This weekend the Royal Victoria said procedures had been tightened up and there have been no similar mistakes.

    Findlay decided to abandon any further attempts to have a child after Leicester Bupa hospital threw away her last embryo following three failed attempts at IVF treatment. The embryo was allegedly part of a batch for which the labels were lost. Doctors decided to destroy the batch to avoid couples getting the wrong ones. “Losing it is like a bereavement, ”said Findlay, who received £2, 000.

    Bupa said Findlay' s case was a rare and unfortunate accident:“There was only one other woman's embryos involved in the loss and she accepted that the incident was an accident. ”The cases have come to light following investigations into the scandal of the Hampshire Clinic in Basingstoke, Berkshire, where up to 40 women discovered that embryos believed to be in storage did not exist. Paul Fielding, the embryologist involved, has been released on police bail during an inquiry into what went wrong.  The HFEA denied that there were widespread problems in infertility clinics and said any errors were a tiny fraction of the total number of IVF treatments. 

6. The errors of IVF clinics include all of the following EXCEPT.

(A) the implanting with the embryo from another woman

(B) cruel treatment causing death of new-born babies

(C) the throwing away of the frozen embryos

(D) careless treatment leading to the loss of women's fertile life

7. The word“polices”in the clause“which polices the 118 IVF clinics in Britain”(Pare.6) can be paraphrased as.

(A) patrols                         (B) assists

(C) controls                        (D) investigates

8. According to the passage, in Britain there are probably women/families who have received IVF treatments.

(A) between 25 and 30               (B) 1 400

(C) fewer than 2 500                 (D) about 30 000

9. When Diana Findlay says“Losing it is like a bereavement, ”(Para.9) she means that.

(A) the destruction of the batch is equivalent to murdering

(B) the loss of the labels of the batch is a big error

(C) the killing of the test-tube baby is against the law

(D) the throwing away of her last embryo equals the death of a family member

10. Which of the following can NOT be true according to the passage?

(A) Errors with IVF treatments are under investigation in New Zealand.

(B) Mistakes in data collection can cause vital consequences.

(C) Errors of IVF clinics have led to a number of lawsuits.

(D) Some women will never become mothers due to errors of clinic staff.

 

Questions 11~15

    The actual date on which Robert Thompson and Jon Venables will be released is now firmly in the hands of the parole board in the wake of Lord Woolf's controversial ruling.  A special three-person panel, which must include a judge and psychiatrist, will have the difficult task of satisfying themselves that the two 18-year-olds no longer pose a danger to the public and that each has shown appropriate remorse for their killing of James Bulger.

    The parole board yesterday began its preparations, including drawing up a dossier on each of the teenagers, for oral hearings to be held in each of the local authority secuer units in the north of England where they are being held. Probation officers will talk to James Bulger's parents and ensure their views are included in each dossier. Each boy will be present at the“informal inquisitorial hearings”which will decide their future. At the same time, an application will be made by their lawyers next month in the high court before Dame Elizabeth Butler Sloss seeking new injunctions banning the media from disclosing details about them, even though they are now adults.

    If Dame Elizabeth decides to grant them this anonymity it will be the first time that child criminals have been given such protection since case of Mary Bell in 1968. The right to a private life enshrined in the newly incorporated European convention on human rights is bound to figure strongly in next month's case. Mary Bell was jailed at the age of 11 for the murder of two young children and served 12 years before her release. She managed to remain out of the public eye until two years ago when a book was published about her life and the Sun newspaper found her. She was subsequently given police protection.

    “A key element will be to ensure their safety and protection, ”said Paul Cavadino of the National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders, “Recent experience tells us that if they were to be named and shamed by the media, it would put them, and anyone else who resembles them, at grave risk of vigilante attacks. ”As Lord Woolf observed, when he ruled yesterday that their further detention would not serve any constructive purpose, their release will not end their punishment. In fact their release on license is likely to mean that they will spend years under the supervision of the criminal justice system.

    But it will be the question of preserving their anonymity which will prove the most difficult. A new injunction protecting their privacy is likely to mean new names, new birth own lives sufficiently to be convincing. This new identity will apply not only to them but could also apply to members of their immediate family as well.

    It is highly unlikely that a  positive parole board decision would lead to Thompson and Venables returning to Liverpool. Instead, they will be sent ot start new lives in a different part of England. A unique release and supervision plan will now be prepared to ensure that they can resettle into the outside world. The only people who will know their true identity will be a very tight circle of those directly involved in their continuing therapy and other programmes to ensure they do not offend again.

    Those who they go to work with or study with will not know who they are. However, there will be a police surveillance operation for both of them with a panic button in their homes in case a sudden problem arises. As to their future lives, Thompson is believed to have gained 5 GCSEs and has been studying for A-levels and shown an aptitude for computer studies, art and design, and has considered taking an Open University degree course. Less is known about Venables's educational achievements.

    According to Lord Woolf, both have maintained contact with their families, Jon Venables benefiting from the continued interest of his parents and Robert Thompson from the attentions of his mother. Lord Woolf also pointed out that, apart form their own welfare, there was also a public interest in ensuring that what had been achieved in their upbringing is not wasted. Society, he said, had invested considerable energy and skilled care in their upbringing. A great deal of money must have been expended upon them. This commitment should be built upon. But for both of them life outside will mean years of supervision after a very difficult period of reintegration:“It will be like being on a witness protection programme for the rest of their lives, ”said one criminal justice system source last night.

11. According to the passage, Robert Thompson and Jon Venables            .

(A) are the pseudonyms of two young criminals

(B) will be given a life sentence for killing James Bulger

(C) have had no contact with their families since their imprisonment

(D) will face much difficulty after their release

12. Mary Bell is mentioned in the passage because              .

(A) she was the youngest criminal in England

(B) she remained out of the public eye after her release

(C) her case relates to the issue of protecting child criminals

(D) her case reveals the basic nature of all child crimes

13. To preserve the anonymity of the two 18-year-olds means all of the following have to be changed EXCEPT.

(A) their original names          (B) their health service numbers

(C) their educational background  (D) their family histories

14. Which of the following can be concluded according to the passage?

(A) Thompson and Venables will return to their home town Liverpool after release.

(B) Thompson and Venables will use some other names for the rest of their life.

(C) Thompson and Venables will complete their university degree course and find professional jobs.

(D) Thompson and Venables will live with their families under police protection.

15. Which of the following expresses the main idea of the passage?

(A) New identities will probably protect the privacy of the two young criminals after their release.

(B) The parole board will decide the actual date of the release of the two 18-year-olds.

(C) The anonymity of the two young criminals after release will lead to the revision of related laws.

(D) Robert Thompson and Jon Venables will still be legally punished even after their release.

 

Questions 16~20

    Are Americans a nation of frivolous divorcers who selfishly pursue the bluebird of happiness, oblivious to their children's needs? Divorce opponents like Judith Wallerstein seem to think most parents see divorce as a marvelous opportunity for the whole family. How immature do they think people are? All over America , unhappy spouses lie awake at night wondering if they and their kids can afford divorce financially, socially, emotionally. Where will they live, how will they pay the bills , will the kids fall apart, will there be a custody battle, what will their families say? The very fact that so many people leave their marriage for a future with so many pitfalls proves that divorce is anything but a whim. Most people I know who split up (not to mention my ex and me) spent years working up to it.

    In her new book, Wallerstein argues that children don't care if their parents are happy-they just want the stability of a two parent household, without which they would later flail through adulthood and have a hard time forming good relationships. This conclusion, like her other gloomy generalizations(Parenting erodes almost inevitably at the breakup and does not get restored for years, if ever”), is based on a small, nonrepresentative sample of families who were going through divorce in 1971 in affluent Marin County, Calif. Wallerstein looks for evidence that divorce harms kids, and of course she finds it-now well into their mid-30s, her interviewees still blame their parents' breakup for every rock on the path to fulfillment-but the very process of participating in a famous on-going study about the effects of divorce encourages them to see their lives through that lens. What if she had spent as much time studying children whose parents had terrible marriages but stayed together for the kids? How many children of divorce feel overly responsible for their parents' happiness. But what about the burden of knowing that one or both of your parents endured years of misery-for you?

    As a matter of fact, we know the answer to that question. The baby boomers, who helped divorce become mainstream, were the products of exactly the kind of marriages the anti-divorcers approve of-the child-centered unions of the 1950s, when parents , especially Mom, sacrificed themselves on the altar of family values and suburban respectability. To today's anti-divorcers those may seem like“good enough”marriages full of depressed and bitter people. Nor does it need more pundits blaming women for destroying“the family”with what are, after all, reasonable demands for equality and self-development. We need to acknowledge that there are lots of different way to raise competent and well-adjusted children, which—as, according to virtually every family researcher who has worked with larger and more representative samples than Wallerstein's tiny handful-the vast majority of kids of divorce turn out to be.  We've learned a lot about how to divorce since 1971. When Mom has enough money and Dad stays connected, when parents stay civil and don't bad-mouth each other, kids do all right. The“good enough”divorce-why isn't that ever the cover story?

16. The article can be classified as one of.

(A) objective commentary                        (B) detailed narration

(C) chronological description                      (D) heated argumentation

17. It can be concluded from the passage that“good enough”marriages.

(A) are the tradition mainly cherished by anti-divorcers

(B) are the only accepted practice in most American families

(C) display women's demands for equality and self-development

(D) reflect the mainstream of baby boomers in America

18. According to the author of the passage, Judith Wallerstein.

(A) arrivers at her generalizations without investigation

(B) carries out her investigation with prejudice

(C) interviews a large number of children of divorce

(D) only studies the effects of divorce on baby boomers

19. The sentence“We've learned a lot about how to divorce since 1971.”(Para.4) implies all of the following EXCEPT that.

(A) Americans have changed attitudes towards divorce

(B) divorce has been more socially accepted since 1971

(C) the procedures of divorce have become more complicated

(D) both parents and children have learnt how to cope with divorce

20. The author of the passage holds that.

(A) the child-centered unions should be continued

(B) children could never suffer more in“good enough”marriages

(C) children do not care if their parents are happy or not

(D) children of divorce can also be competent and well-adjusted

 

SECTION 3:TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)

Directions:Translate the UNDERLINED PAARTS of the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

    Consider the following statements, made by the same man eight years apart. “Eventually, being ‘poor’won't be as much a matter of living in a poor country as it will be a matter of having poor skills. ”That was Bill Gates talking in 1992. Way back then, the Microsoft chairman's image was that of a rather harsh, libertarian-leaning fellow who proudly declared his products alone would“change the world. ”When asked what he would do with his billions, the boy wonder of Silicon Valley used to shrug off the question, saying his long workdays didn't leave time for charity. But now listen to the same Gates-or perhaps not quite the same Gages-talking in the fall of 2000:“Whenever the computer industry has a panel about the digital divide and I'm on the panel, I always think, ‘OK, you want to send computers to Africa, what about food and electricity-those computers aren't going to be that valuable’...The mothers are going to walk right up to that computer and say:“My children are dying, what can you do?’”

    Yes, even Bill Gates, the iconic capitalist of our day, seems to have come around. The self-assured Gates of 1992 was obviously a man of his times, confident of his industry's ability to change the world, certain that the power of markets and new technology, once unleashed, would address most of the world's ills. But the more skeptical Gates of the new millennium is someone who evinces a passion for giving and government aid. He shares a growing realization, even in the multibillionaire set, that something is amiss with the ideology that has prevailed since the end of the cold war: global-capitalism-as-panacea.

 

SECTION 4:LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)

Part A: Note-taking and Gap-filling

Directions:In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk ONLY ONCE. While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have enough in formation to complete a gap-filling task on a separate ANSWER BOOKLET.

You are require to write ONE word or figure only in each blank, You will not get your ANSWER BOOKLET until after you have listened to the talk.

    The habit of wearing jeans is one of the major contributions of the United States to the world.

    Before the 1950s, those Americans wearing jeans were children, _____________(1), manual laborers on the_____________(2)and, of course, _____________(3).But artists of both sexes and some_____________(4) male sand female students also wore them on_____________(5).In the 1950s many American schools_____________(6) them as inappropriate for the classrooms. In that period jeans started to acquire national _____________(7) in the country.

    After that the popularity of jeans spread from cowboys and anomic youths to_____________(8) American of virtually every_____________(9) and socio-political posture. According to the most conservative estimates, the_____________(10)sales of jeans of all kinds in the United States in 1997 was over_____________(11) million pairs.

    Overseas, American Western_____________(12) and former American_____________(13) in the Second World War both played a part in the popularity of jeans, which had to wait slightly longer for their time to come, partly because of their_____________(14) in any quantity in European markets.

    Gradually, along with the_____________(15) of denim production in the United States and the rapid growth of the_____________(16) for American-made jeans, American manufacturers began_____________(17) their product in a serious way at first to_____________(18) countries and eventually to_____________(19) America and the Far_____________(20).

 

Part B: Listening and Translation

I. Sentence Translation

Directions:In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

(1)                                                                                          

                                                                                        

(2)                                                                                          

                                                                                         

(3)                                                                                         

                                                                                                   

(4)                                                                                           

                                                                                         

(5)                                                                                      

                                                                                              

 

Ⅱ.Passage Translation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 English passages. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLIT. You may take notes while you are listening.

(1)                                                                                         

                                                                                            

                                                                                               

                                                                                          

                                                                                            

                                                                                                  

                                                                                           

(2)                                                                                         

                                                                                                  

                                                                                         

                                                                                              

                                                                                            

                                                                                         

                                                                                             

 

SECTION 5 : READING TEST (30 minutes)

Directions: Read the following passage and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1~3

    Nick Park, the Oscar-winning animator of Wallace and Gromit, and Damien Hirst the Turner Prize winner, are among artists and celebrities who have transformed 2, 000 blank postcards into works of art priced at £35. Such is the draw of the Royal College of Art's“secret”postcard exhibition-an annual event now into its seventh year-that art lovers will be queuing overnight for the chance to buy original works by internationally renowned artists.

    The catch-and the fun of it -is that buyers have no idea who the artist is until the end of the show. Each work is anonymous , signed only on the back of the postcard, which can't be seen until later. It forces buyers to rely on their visual sense rather than words on a label. It has led to people going home with original works by David Hockney. Eduardo Paolozzi and Frank Auerbach, among others. 

    The postcards in this year’s Secret 2000 show will be decorated by 750 indeviduals including Richard Long, the sculptor who arranges natural materials into forms; Christo, who covers building and landscapes with drapes; Zandra Rhodes, the fashion designer; David Bowie and Brian Eno, the musicians; and Terry Gilliam, the comedian. There will also be works by recent graduates of the college, so that there is no grarantee of picking the established names. But who knows? Today's unknowns may be tomorrow's Hockneys.

    Christopher Frayling, rector of the college, said that some artists teased buyers by deliberately producing work in the style of other artists:“It can be a detective game to work out what's what, ”he said. The art will be previewed at the college in South Kensington from November 22 before going on sale on November 30 from 8 am.

    Anthony Waites, 39, a postman from North London , was among those who queued overnight last year. He struck lucky and went home with a Frank Auerbach cityscape which he believes to be worth £10, 000. He decided to suffer for his art by getting up early after the disappointment of arriving too late to buy anything in previous years. “I got there at 6 pm. Within ten minutes, there were four people behind, ”He obsessively paints the same scenes. This was Primrose Hill of Camden Town. ”

    Emily Sargeant, the exhibition curator, said that she has never known anyone to resell any of the postcards. All proceeds will go to the college's Fine Art Student Award Fund, which pays for four bursaries in perpetuity, as well as offering several hundred pounds to students who are preparing their final graduation show. More than £400, 000 has been raised for the fund in the in the past seven years. 

1. What is the Secret 2000 show?

2. Why is the show so popular with the visitors?

3. What can we learn from the example of the postman Anthony Waites?

 

Questions 4~6

    Most journalists are content to produce a story, then sit back and watch for its effects. Not Bill and Judith Moyers, the husband-and-wife television-documentary makers whose independent production company, Public Affairs Television, has turned out 63 programs over the past 25 years, amassing more than 30 Emmy Awards. Long before completing On Our Own Terms, the four-part series on dying that airs this week on public-broadcasting stations across the U.S., they had helped launch more than 200 community-based coalitions that have been planning activities to raise public awareness of the end-stage care issues discussed in their documentary.  And well after the final show ends Thursday night, nearly 70 national organizations, along with local public-TV stations and a website (pbs. org/onourownterms), will promote what they hope will become a national dialogue about death.  Using money raised from a number of their traditional nonprofit and corporate backers, the Moyerses are spending as much on this education and outreach program as they did on producing the series:2.5 million.

    This brand of extended journalism, which includes the use of community networks, has become a Moyers trademark. After 46 years of working together, Bill, 66, and Judith, 65, have created an oeuvre that has in turn attracted its own audience. On Our Own Terms is only the latest in a series of Moyers' PBS documentaries that speak directly to the 77 million-strong baby-boom generation, which has been dictating the national agenda since coming of age in the 1960s.As wise and benevolent Uncle Bill and Aunt Judith, the , Moyerses are reaching boomers through television , the medium they grew up with, about the issues that concern them at key passage in their lives.

    Even the title of the series on dying is targeted at boomers, though the couple disagreed on how best to approach them. Bill wanted to call it Living with Dying. Judith, knowing from surveys that audiences shy away from words like death and dying, pushed for something hopeful. On Our Own Terms, her choice, deliberately plays to the boomer conviction, she says, that“We can change things; we can control things. ”Bill thought the wording was wrong precisely because of that. “It feeds their egoism, their sense that can control things, ”he said, “and they can't. ”

    Breaking through the personal barriers to get people to talk about issues like faith and fear may be a Moyers forte, but it is not easy to act on in real life , even for the Moyerses. After Bill's mother died a year ago April, on the first day of their shooting the series, he was struck by an image in his mind“of a shadowy figure, the back of whose head I could see as she moved toward an exit sign. . .Now she's gone, and there's nobody in my native family between me and the an exit sign. ”He determined then to practice what he was about to preach.

    Someday, that is. On his desk at their home in New Jersey, Bill has a note from his son William, 41, attached to a newspaper clipping of an New Jersey, Bill has a note from his son William, 41, attached to a newspaper clipping of an article about and-of-life issues and how parents and their children don't deal with them adequately. The note reads, “Dad, Mom, when are we going to talk about this?”

    “It's still there on my desk, ”admits Moyers, “18 months later. ”

4. What is the major difference between the Moyerses and other journalists?

5. What is On Our Own Term? What is this program about?

6. Explain the sentence“He determined then to practice what he was about to preach.”(Para.4)

 

Questions 7~10

    The BBC last night beat off an 11th hour legal attempt to block a programme naming four men in connection with the Omagh bombing which killed 29 people/. The demand by the Northern Ireland human rights commission for the Panorama programme ot be injuncted was thrown out by the high court in Belfast, Mr Justice Kerr finding in the corporation's favour just 90 minutes ahead of transmission to end a dramatic day of legal argument.

    Mr. Justice Kerr said:“There is no reason to suppose that criminal proceedings against any of those taking part in the programme will be stayed. ”He added that relevant sections of the Human Rights Act, which the commission argued meant the court should err on side of the person, showed that the“balance fell firmly in favour of the broadcaster. ”The commission had argued that the programme's naming of suspects could prejudice any criminal trial, and thus breach the human rights of the bomb's victims and any defendants.

    On Friday the high court in Belfast rejected another application from Lawrence Rush, who lost his wife in the worst attack of the Troubles. Mr. Rush had asked the attorney general to take up the case but yesterday Lord Williams refused because the law on contempt of court applies up the case but yesterday Lord Williams refused because the law on contempt of court applies ONLY ONCE people are charged with a crime, and no one has been charged with the bombing.

    In court Karen Quinliven, for the commission, argued that identification could damage police investigations and said there were implications“for the personal safety and right to life”of those named. She also argued the right of all people to be protected from“trial by media. ”She produced a letter from the RUC chief constable, Sir Ronnie Flanagan, to the director general of the BBC. In it Sir Ronnie wrote that he would wish to ensure no material would be used which“would of might be likely to have an adverse affect on future prosecutions, ”Ms Quinliven said. “would or might be likely to have an adverse affect on future prosecutions, ”Ms Quinliven said.

    The BBC argued that since those name lived in the Irish Republic, they were beyond the jurisdiction of the court and the commission. Ben Stephens QC, representing the corporation, said:“There is no chance of an upset to fair trial. The human rights commission has taken on itself to protect individuals outside its jurisdiction. ”

    Panorama said that four men, all from the republic, were tied to the bombing by records from mobile phones they either used or supplied. The records from the day of the bombing on August 15, 1998 place those using the phones in the vicinity of scene where the device exploded and in a timescale consistent with the explosion. Panorama says that through the records the four can be tracked on their way to Omagh from the republic, staying in the town for 20 minutes and then leaving in the direction of the Irish border.

    The BBC claimed eyewitnesses had given evidence to the police as to who was using the mobile phones, but were too frightened to testify in court. When challenged by a BBC, all four people named refused to explain their movements on the day. On legal advice, the Guardian has decided not to name the four identified by the BBC.

    The programme's reporter, John Ware, said the legal precedent that would have been set if the application had succeeded would have amounted to a“gagger's charter. ”Mr. Ware said:“It would mean you can't publish evidence of criminal behaviour for fear of prejudicing any trials. It would mean that a programme identifying alleged corrupt police officers couldn't run, as that would jeopardise a fair trial. ”

    After the verdict, a BBC spokesman said:“Many of the victims' relatives clearly wanted the programme to be broadcast including those who took part in the programme. They and many others hope that the transmission of this programme will help bring to justice those responsible for the Omagh atrocity. ”

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